The Grenadine Tie: A Connery Bond Staple



A staple of the Sean Connery James Bond wardrobe is the dark solid tie. In Dr. No and From Russia With Love that tie was always a navy grenadine tie from Turnbull & Asser. Do not confuse that with the knitted silk ties that he wears throughout Goldfinger. While the grenadine might look similar in texture to the knit tie, they are completely unrelated. Most people are familiar with the knitted tie, which somewhat resembles a sock. Like a sock, the knitted tie is a tube of knitted silk. It usually has a straight hem at the bottom, though some, like Tom Ford’s knitted ties are made with triangular bottoms. The knitted tie is a casual tie (which might seem like an oxymoron these days) and disliked by many. Yet the literary James Bond wears it, and the film Bond occasionally wears it as well.

But for now we will discuss the grenadine tie. Grenadine silk is woven—not knitted—in a gauze weave, also known as a leno weave. Gauze weaves are very open yet very stable. Whilst in typical weaves the warp and weft yarns go over and under each other, the gauze weave adds a third dimension to the weave by having warp yarns that also cross over each other. Grenadine silk is woven on a jacquard loom.

Sean Connery wearing a blue grenadine tie in From Russia with Love
Sean Connery wearing a blue grenadine tie in From Russia with Love

The grenadine tie is constructed like any normal tie: it has folds, an interlining and, of course, a triangular tip. Some grenadine ties do away with the interlining for a transparent look like a knitted tie, but the stand grenadine tie cannot be seen through because of a wool interlining that is dyed the colour of the silk. Grenadine is a luxurious silk, very delicate and much more formal than a knitted tie. In black it makes an excellent funeral tie, and this is exactly what James Bond wears to a funeral at the beginning of Thunderball.

Fermo Fossati and Seteria Bianchi, both located in the Como region of Italy, are the two primary weavers of grenadine silk. Most of the grenadine tie makers get their silk from these weavers. Turnbull & Asser, Drakes and Mason & Sons get theirs from Fermo Fossati. Sam Hober has the largest selection of grenadine ties available anywhere and sources silks from both Fermo Fossati and Seteria Bianchi.

There mainly are two different types of grenadine silk: large gauze (pictured top) and small gauze (pictured below left). James Bond prefers the large gauze, which is better known by its Italian names garza grossa (large gauze) or garza prometeo (Prometheus gauze). The small gauze type is known by its Italian names garza fina (small gauze) or garza piccola (tiny gauze).

Turnbull & Asser still sells the same garza grossa grenadine ties that Sean Connery wears in his Bond films, but in a different width. They change their tie widths periodically to follow fashion. The same type of grenadine ties can be found at many other shops on Jermyn Street and elsewhere. Turnbull & Asser, Mason & Sons and a few other shops sell grenadine ties using the wrong side (back side) of the silk, which gives the silk a more honeycomb-like texture.

“Mock” grenadine (pictured below right) also exists, which has a similar texture to grenadine that is created by floats rather than a gauze weave and does not have an open weave. The example pictured is woven in England rather than Italy.


Sean Connery wears grenadine ties in all of his James Bond films except Goldfinger. His ties are in light and dark navy, black and dark brown, and they are all colours that Fermo Fossati still weaves today. When Roger Moore brings traditional English clothing back to the Bond series in For Your Eyes Only, he also brings back the grenadine tie in grey garza grossa with his grey flannel suit.


  1. I started watching James Bond movies in my middle school years. Pierce Brosnan was my generation's Bond and still is, and he inspired my own sense of style from that early age. In many ways, Bond influenced me more than anybody else in my life. Its thanks to 007 that I never dressed solvenly in my teens/early 20s like so many others my age. Now at 25, Im still the best dressed person I know!! 🙂

    Your blog is a welcome addition to my daily reading. Keep up the good work.

  2. The more I read the more I wonder, how would you Matt, have Bond dress in BOND 23?

    Perhaps that's a question for later though, as Dr. No is still being covered!

  3. Grenadines are lovely and a staple in my wardrobe and I think that they are more practical than the knits.

    Unfortunately the ones you get at shops are very thick and result in large knot (four in hand).

    I get mine from Sam Hober, who custom makes them, and I specify them with a thinner inner lining which allows a smaller knot…more like Sir Sean!!!

  4. So, how close is the current version of the Turnbull & Asser Navy Grenadine tie to that in Dr. No?

  5. Matt,
    I remember you told me before Sean Connery wore different shades of blue grenadines, and was wondering. Would he wear lighter shades of blue to offset his navy suit albeit being a darker color and therefore making his grenadines stick out?

  6. Great article. What do you think of the grenadine ties on the house of ties website? It looks like they have three versions of the navy tie, each of different widths. Do you think the weave also differs between the versions?

      • I see. Which of the two grossa versions would be the best width match for Connery’s in your opinion, 8cm or 7.5cm?

      • In Dr. No they were probably around 8cm, and more like 7.5cm after that. 8cm won’t look as silly after the current fashion trends pass, and that’s what I would recommend.

  7. Matt do you recommend the Linkson Jack ties featured on the top right of the page? Do they closely resemble the ones used in the films?

    • Yes, I recommend them. They are very well made. If you get a tie custom made from them, request that the back side of the silk be used for something like what Turnbull & Asser makes. I’ve discussed that with Linkson and they can do it.

  8. I just purchased an 8cm plain blue silk grenadine from Marks & Spencer for £17.50 Bargain.
    I think I’ll buy a few more, in different colours… The only thing to bear in mind is the raised texture of the weave may incur a risk of snagging.

  9. Hi Matt,
    The linkson jack link on the right side of the page doesn’t work. Was there previously a discount promotion if redirected through this site?

  10. Matt,

    Is the Sinclair grenadine tie lined and would it fit with the current lapel width on the conduit cut suit?


    • The Sinclair grenadine is lined (to not be lined would be an unusual exception, though Drakes and others do them now). The tie is narrower than the lapel width on the Conduit Cut suits, but I think they can still pair nicely together.

  11. Hello Matt, I hope you are well. The podcast is fantastic, so thank you for your work on that.

    How would you describe the formality of a grenadine tie? Can it be business attire, worn in a four-in-hand knot?

  12. Hi Matt,
    Grenadine ties are indeed very versatile, but what would you say are their limits? Are grenadine ties formal enough for black lounge and morning dress? What’s the most casual one should wear them, with a jumper perhaps?

    • I would not wear them with black lounge and morning dress, but I wouldn’t say they’re off limits. You could wear them with a jumper if you like, but I think they’re best with a jacket.

  13. Hi Matt, Great article! I am about to purchase my first grenadine tie. I am looking at Turnbull & Asser, and Sam Hober. I prefer Garza Grossa in navy. Do you know what the current navy for Turnbull and Asser is like compared to Connery’s grenadines? Sam Hober has a soft navy and a midnight blue in Garza Grossa, and a navy blue in the Prometeo weave. Do you have any knowledge of these current Hober colors? From your article, it sounds like Garza Grossa and Prometeo are the similar, both large gauze. Is there any differences in appearance between Grossa and Prometeo?

  14. Do you guys have any recs for grenadine ties? About 90-95% of my ties are T&A, but when it comes to the grenadines I find they wear very quickly. I have a bespoke one from Shibumi which has fared much better. But I’m curious to hear what other people wear….

    • Grenadine silk only comes from two neighbouring mills, though the finer weaves are less delicate than the ones T&A uses. Some people find that using the other side of the silk is less delicate. Most makers use the other side. I have a few from Sam Hober.

  15. Hi Matt. Do you know which Sam Hober colour is closest to Connery’s light navy ties? I’m thinking it would probably go better with a dark charcoal suit than a midnight blue would.

  16. Matt, do you think a bright red solid tie like the one pictured on the left of the first picture can work on someone with a winter complexion ? If so, with what color of shirt and suit ? Or is better left for summer complexions ?

  17. There are other sources than T & A for grenadines as for sevenfolds (and even knitteds) , and even some of those on Jermyn Street are less excruciatingly priced than T & A’s superior quality but limited colour range options. Who would know the difference viewing them tied on your neck, as distinct from viewed up close from behind, including the finishings and labels etc?

  18. Idea for a post: non-navy ties? Don’t get me wrong, I love navy ties, but if Bond were to branch out from navy, black, and brown, what colours would he turn to? Burgundy? Forest green?


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